The Moken divided into several subgroups where they go to seek women are a people of poets, who sing at night under the stars and dream of a world that no longer exists or that will exist one day. It is certain, however, that they are multilingual and that they preserve the memory of the region in the hundreds of hours of texts, myths and epics of heroes who built this small group of Austronesians from Taiwan, Thousands of years. These heroes are the ancestors that are venerated today, the founders of lineages in the archipelago and whose high points are remembered. Their figures may change as the distant ancestor was able to create a subgroup while fleeing (so goes the myth of foundation), but it can equally well represent a military or even a Westerner, only people able to Move them or on the contrary to make them stay on their island of residence. Syncretism is therefore the basis of moken survival. All foreign figures, whether they are the gods of book religions or the geniuses of the Burmese, the spirits of Thais, have been integrated but disinvested from their power. The Moken know the art of diversion and defuse any potential danger that happens on their shores by metabolizing the difference (one accepts mosques and turbans – the cuts of a dog killed adulterous according to the Moken!) But not the one God , We accept Jesus as an important deity, but who went away … The story of the betrayal is told through the epic of the queen’s sister-in-law who drove the Moken away: Kèn the sister-in-law deceived her sister with her husband who sentenced Kén to be immersed in the sea Ken, hence the name of the ethnic group and gave them a name. The « sacred men » had to renounce the shamanic journeys to pass a new contract with the spirits and ancestors during the lobung festival « the posts to the spirits » which marks the passage of a dry season and nomadism to a season of the rains and Of sedentarisation. We could mention the myth that, by eating turtles, their double sailors, sometimes their sisters and even their wives, the Moken refrain from access to knowledge, synonymous with competition. For the characters of writing are on the backs of the turtle shells they eat, devouring knowledge, a social anthropophagy that forbids them to learn. If they want to remain poor, it is in order not to encounter the violence of the competition, which is inscribed in the myths that explain the symbolic technology presiding over the construction of the boat. So also is the name of the ethnic group, hidden in the amorous jousts of epic lovers.
Text by Jacques Ivanoff