The Moken, 2000 sea nomads live in the uncertain freedom of an archipelago of 800 islands that we have discovered, one after the other for 20 years, the next island always more beautiful than the previous one. However, even if many things have changed and we have witnessed these changes, the main thing remains, the Moken are nomadic, stay in flotillas, survive in spaces reserved for them and know the coordinates of the entire archipelago Permeate each island, beach, cove, bay … The soul of this archipelago is the Moken and their kabang, the moken boats, invested with a sacred power that makes them a microcosm of their vision of the world. On board « the Moken are born, live and die and the umbilical cords of their children feed on the sea », so goes the saying. These scalloped boats, which represented the impossibility of accumulating (whenever possible) in order not to attract the envious, transformed the Moken, in the eyes of the « Others » into « poor hers » condemned to disappear and living in a Abject poverty « , according to the English who discovered them in 1826. The Moken know how to cultivate it, to fish it, to pick up the nests of swallows, to collect the latex, the tin …, but refuse to do it, Do not use, or little, the new knowledge. They include dozens of models and practices that give them a range of choices in how to respond to conflicts. But since 1994, the few hundred Burmese who share their islands, and thus transmit the unequal exchange, then in tens of thousands. The sayings expose moken ideology no longer suffice to resist and live hidden, they must compose. « We’re poor, » they say all the time, but they chose, as they chose not to fish. « Eat whatever we can as long as we have » is a second moken precept which is marked by the notches of the boats, footstools useful for divers, but especially identity markers, a « devouring mouth » and a » . This is called symbolic technology. Faced with the inevitable, the Moken have accepted some changes to survive. First of all since the 2000s the seabed has been raked, especially by the Karen equipped with compressors. Soon on a used the Moken for their great ability to dive very deep. But without knowledge of decompression levels and other techniques, many young people have died. And society was threatened by its disappearances. There was a very astonishing phenomenon, the Burmese, believed to be very rigid in their beliefs, agreed to marry widows and moken women, to recognize Métis children and even to value the knowledge of the sea. This people . It should be remembered, however, that the Moken helped the British in naval battles against the Japanese and gained « ethnic » recognition in Burma, they are on the list of 135 populations recognized by the government. More recently, without the Moken, the Burmese do not forget that they would have died of hunger and thirst because they did not know much about the sea. But this adaptation that saved the Moken led to the disappearance of 2004 and 2007, of the two hundred Moken boats, first recovered by the Burmese and then replaced by other models, which pull the small secondary boats (serving water chores or going ashore) to fish the squid. Women have become fishermen, and now men too. The world of hunter-gatherers cut off from the world, with an unequal exchange at the hands of a Chinese merchant who left them free in exchange for their production, was finished. 3 But the Moken have many centuries-old resources and have adopted the strategies throughout their journey (Taiwan – Archipel Riau – Mergui). Since the liberalization of the fishing industry more than 20 years ago, which led to the arrival of the Burmese, then the (relative) border closure with Thailand, which cut the people into two parts, the shamanic rituals place. Since the ties with the ancestors were cut off, they sought to survive and find ways to infiltrate into a world where one could possibly survive. And the Moken have a certain experience to adapt because they have accumulated, over time and exchanges, many techniques. They also know how to stretch, to split and thus to construct points of historical encounter that bind them together as a coastal civilization. For example, they leave a part of their people behind (the Moklen), while a vanguard (the Moken) continues its quest for the discovery of the littoral of Southeast Asia and even beyond, until ‘in Madagascar. In the Mergui Archipelago, itself divided into five subgroups, then eight (it is more difficult to give a figure today because the culture of subgroups has sometimes changed and we do not know which criterion Since the disappearance of the boats), a large sub-group expelled from its island of residence (Domel) to give way to the exploitation of pearl oysters, has become a group of refugees. He thus created a link between the subgroups where his fleets settled, even though he sometimes generated tensons. It allowed the colonization of all the remaining traditional islands of the Moken in the South. He has reconstituted subgroups, even if they are fishermen and hunters (because there are still some). The « sacred men » had to renounce the shamanic journeys to pass a new contract with the spirits and ancestors during the lobung festival « the posts to the spirits » which marks the passage of a dry season and nomadism to a season of the rains and Of sedentarisation. Above all, they abandoned their boats. There are, therefore, new movements of reconstitution of subgroups on the scale of the archipelago, some moving away from each other to recompose an exogamy, the villages splitting into two, a part, moken exclusively, Away from the mixed village dominated by the Moken and the Burmese. Thus the Moken are still advancing, even if it is only a few kilometers. The taukay, boss entrepreneurs (those who debt them but protect them and are the interface between the continent and the world of the islands) are there and indebted again, the army even leave them alone, for they have never been A political danger. So these refugees from the island of Domel reinjected a bit of nomadic life into the currents of this abandoned society on these islands. However the problem remains the same regarding the upcoming opening of the archipelago. No one can understand that they do not want education, care, or assistance in any way. Myths explain why this is so. We could mention the myth that, by eating turtles, their double sailors, sometimes their sisters and even their wives, the Moken refrain from access to knowledge, synonymous with competition. For the characters of writing are on the backs of the turtle shells they eat, devouring knowledge, a social anthropophagy that forbids them to learn. If they want to remain poor, it is in order not to encounter the violence of the competition, which is inscribed in the myths that explain the symbolic technology presiding over the construction of the boat. So also is the name of the ethnic group, hidden in the amorous jousts of epic lovers. The story of the betrayal is told through the epic of the queen’s sister-in-law who drove the Moken away: Kèn the sister-in-law deceived her sister with her husband who sentenced Kén to be immersed in the sea Ken, hence the name of the ethnic group and gave them a name. Everything is chosen, calculated, experienced. It is the great strength of this people that too many people see as abandoned by all, when it is a choice that has led them there, a choice that allowed them to become what they are, A coastal society that expresses through its songs, its hundreds of hours of songs and oral texts, its dances, its construction techniques and its ideology what it is and what it will not be. They are poor, die young, are uncompetitive and want to stay that way, so they survived. In exchange, their knowledge is great and it is not a current or a passage that they do not know, a knowledge that we must exploit without transforming this magnificent archipelago into a human zoo. And even if the kabang of old has disappeared it is evident that the nomadic soul has given a life to this forgotten archipelago and that the Burmese themselves grant this to the Moken.